CentOS, RedHat and Fedora

The following instructions are for installing TAO on CentOS 7 and can easily be adapted for RHEL7 and Fedora 19.

The following instructions are for CentOS 7 and utilize /var/www/html/tao as the working directory for installation and /var/www/html as the DocumentRoot. Should you choose a different Operating System version, another Red Hat-based flavor, directory location, or DocumentRoot you will need to adjust these paths as appropriate. These instructions make the assumption that you have access to the command line. If necessary, refer to your hosting company for how to proceed if you do not have SSH access to your environment.

Server Preparation

Make sure the server is up to date:

sudo yum update

Add the Epel repository and install yum utilities:

sudo yum -y install epel-release yum-utils wget

Prepare server to install PHP 7.2 and MySQL. In order to install PHP 7.2, we will need to install a third party repository and then configure it for the correct version:

sudo yum -y install http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm
sudo yum-config-manager --disable remi-php54
sudo yum-config-manager --enable remi-php72

Add the MySQL community repositories in order to install MySQL 5.7 and then configure it for the correct version:

sudo yum -y install http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.7-community/el/7/x86_64/mysql-community-release-el7-7.noarch.rpm

Once the system is up to date, you will need to install the required packages to create your LAMP stack as well as the packages necessary to complete your TAO installation if they have not yet been created:

sudo yum install httpd \
php \
php-cli \
php-common \
mysql-community-server \
mysql-community-common \
php-xml \
php-zip \
composer \
php-curl \
php-mbstring \
libhttp2-mod-php \
php-mcrypt \
php-mysql \
curl \
wget \
zip \
tidy \
unzip \
php-dom \
php-mcrypt \
php-opcache \
php-tidy \
policycoreutils-python \

Configure MySQL

During installation, a temporary root password will be set for MySQL. In order to retrieve it you will need to first start MySQL:

sudo systemctl start mysqld

And then locate the temporary password from the mysqld.log:

grep 'A temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log |tail -1

To complete the configuration of the database, you will use the mysql_secure_installation script and the temporary password. You will be prompted at this time to change your root password as well as other configuration options.

Note: Your passwords must have 12-characters including at least one uppercase letter, one lowercase letter, one number and one special character.

You will need to run the following script:


At this point you can log in to the database and create a new user and/or database for installing TAO, if you wish.

Create a new database and user for TAO:

sudo su -
mysql -p
create database <database>;
create user '<user>'@'localhost' identified by '<password>';
grant all privileges on <database>.* to '<user>@'localhost' with grant option;
flush privileges;

Configure Apache

Using the editor of your choice, you will need to configure the ServerName as well as the directory you are installing TAO in. If you are using virtual hosts, you will need to follow the Apache instructions which can be found here (https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/vhosts/examples.html).

sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Configure ServerName:

ServerName <hostname or IP>

Configure Directory:

<Directory /var/www/html/tao>
     Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews
     AllowOverride all
     Order allow,deny
     Allow from all

You will also want to configure Apache to server PHP pages first by editing the _dirmodule section to have index.php first.

<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html

Verify your Apache configuration and then restart for your changes to take effect.

sudo apachectl configtest
sudo systemctl restart httpd

If you are setting up TAO for internal use/testing only, you can turn off the firewall. Otherwise, you will need to open your firewall for the port you plan to use for accessing TAO.

sudo systemctl disable firewalld
sudo systemctl stop firewalld

Install TAO

Download TAO Package from website or GitHub and prepare to install:

wget https://releases.taotesting.com/TAO_3.3.0-RC2_build.zip
unzip TAO_3.3.0-RC2_build.zip
sudo mv TAO_3.3.0-RC2_build /var/www/html/tao

Or use Git to download the latest release from GitHub directly:

sudo yum install git
sudo git clone https://github.com/oat-sa/package-tao.git /var/www/html/tao
cd /var/www/html/tao
sudo git checkout release-3.3-rc02

Change ownership to the Apache user:

sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/tao

Ensure the correct version of composer is used. By default, the version of composer installed on CentOS, RedHat and Fedora is composer 2. Before you can install TAO you will need to downgrade this to version 1, with the following command:

sudo composer self-update --1

Install TAO components on the server utilizing composer and then change ownership of the newly created tao directory to the Apache user:

cd /var/www/html/tao
sudo composer install
sudo chown -R apache tao
sudo chown -R apache config

Configure selinux to allow access to the necessary directories.

sudo semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t /var/www/html/tao/
sudo restorecon -R /var/www/html/tao/
sudo setsebool -P httpd_unified 1
sudo chmod a+w tao/views/locales/
sudo chmod a+w config

Install MathJax on the server if necessary:

sudo wget --no-check-certificate  https://hub.taotesting.com/resources/taohub-articles/articles/third-party/MathJax_Install_TAO_3x.sh
sudo chmod u+x MathJax_Install_TAO_3x.sh
sudo ./MathJax_Install_TAO_3x.sh

You can now complete your installation either on the command line with the following command:

sudo -u www-data php tao/scripts/taoInstall.php \
--db_driver pdo_mysql \
--db_host localhost \
--db_name <db_name> \
--db_user <user> \
--db_pass <password>\
--module_namespace http://<hostname or IP>/first.rdf \
--module_url http://<hostname or IP> \
--user_login <user> \
--user_pass <password> \
-e taoCe

in which case your TAO instance will be available at:

http://<hostname or IP>/tao

Or you can install TAO in your browser by going to http://<hostname or IP>/tao if you have followed the instructions above. If you haven’t followed the above instructions for your Apache configuration you will need to adjust the URL as appropriate.